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California Paid Leave Programs

In Force as of Jan. 1, 2023

Benefit Overview

Covered Leaves and Durations

Leave TypeCovered LeaveMaximum Leave in a 12-month Period
  • Care for a non-work related disability under CA State Disability Insurance
52 weeks
Family Leave
  • Care for a seriously ill family member
  • Bond with a new child (including those of the spouse or domestic partner) after:
    • Birth
    • Adoption
    • Foster care placement
  • Military Assist
8 weeks

Weekly Benefit Amount

An employee's benefit amount is based on the quarter with the highest wages earned within the base period.

Employees can receive benefits of 60% to 70% of their weekly wages earned during the base period depending on income. 

For 2023, the maximum weekly benefit increased to $1,620. In 2022, the maximum weekly benefits was $1,540 per week. 

The minimum weekly benefit is $50.

Waiting Period

There is no waiting period for Paid Family Leave. Benefits are payable as of the first day of covered leave.

There is a seven-day waiting period for SDI.

Intermittent Leaves

Employees can take their leave on an intermittent basis or all at once.


All information on this page is subject to change as state requirements change.

Who's Covered

Covered Employees

Employees are eligible for paid family leave benefits if they have:

  • Contributed to the California SDI program through payroll deductions during their base period
  • Earned at least $300 in the base period

The base period covers the 12 months — divided into four consecutive quarters — before the PFL claim's start date. The base period includes wages subject to SDI tax that were paid about 5 to 18 months before the claim began.

Family Members

Covered employees may take family leave to care for a:

  • Spouse or domestic partner
  • Child
  • Parent
  • Parent-in-law
  • Sibling
  • Grandchild
  • Grandparent
How it Works

Plan Options

California provides State Disability Insurance and PFL to eligible employees with qualifying reasons. Employers in the state may offer SDI and PFL as Voluntary Disability Insurance.


Employees may be able to use SDI for:

  • A non work-related injury or illness that keeps them from working
  • A pregnancy and/or childbirth


Eligible employees can also receive PFL to:

  • Care for a seriously ill family member
  • Bond with a new child
  • Address a qualifying military need

California's PFL program can run concurrently with:

  • California's Pregnancy Disability Leave
  • California's Family Rights Act (when leave is not due to pregnancy)
  • The federal Family and Medical Leave Act


Employee contributions — through payroll deductions — fund California's paid family leave program and its SDI program. The 2023 contribution rate is set at .9% up to the taxable wage limit of $153,164 with a maximum contribution of $1,378.48 per employee. The 2022 contribution rate was set at 1.1% up to the taxable wage limit of $145,600 with a maximum contribution of $1,601.60 per employee. 

Employers can choose to pay for their employees' contributions. Or they may offer Voluntary Disability Insurance as an employee-paid benefit.

Additional Information Employers Need to Know

Employers must post the following statements in clearly visible places at the workplace:

  • Notice to Employees: Unemployment Insurance/Disability Insurance/Paid Family Leave
  • Disability Insurance Provisions
  • Paid Family Leave Benefits

New hires and employees taking covered leave should also receive brochures about SDI and PFL.

More Information

Visit the California Paid Family Leave site for more information on California’s PFL.

If you'd like to see how we can help you comply with leave laws, check out our leave management services. We offer both absence management and benefits administration so you can focus your time where you need it most.


All information on this page is subject to change as state requirements change.

Legislative Activity
March 31, 2023

Effective 1/1/24, CA Senate Bill 951 will remove the wage cap on income subject to CA’s SDI tax. This will increase taxes for higher wage earners and increase benefits for low wage earners. View more details on  contribution rates and benefit amounts.

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